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Acoustic attenuation, phase and group velocities in liquid-filled pipes II: Simulation for spallation neutron sources and planetary exploration

Jian Jiang, Kyungmin Baik, Timothy G. Leighton

J. Acoust. Soc. Amer., vol: 130, num: 2, 12 pages, published: 01 August 2011,

Abstract: This paper uses a Finite Element Method (FEM) to compare predictions of the attenuation and sound speeds of acoustic modes in a fluid-filled pipe with those of the analytical model presented in the first paper in this series. It explains why, when the predictions of the earlier paper were compared with experimental data from a water-filled PMMA pipe, the uncertainties and agreement for attenuation data were worse than those for sound speed data. Having validated the FEM approach in this way, the versatility of FEM is thereafter demonstrated by modeling two practical applications which are beyond the analysis of the earlier paper. These applications model propagation in the mercury-filled steel pipework of the Spallation Neutron Source at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (Tennessee), and in a long-standing design for acoustic sensors for use on planetary probes. The results show that strong coupling between the fluid and the solid walls means that erroneous interpretations are made of the data if they assume that the sound speed and attenuation in the fluid in the pipe are the same as those that would be measured in an infinite volume of identical fluid, assumptions which are common when such data have previously been interpreted.


   Acoustics.
      Acoustical measurements.
         Acoustical control in technology.

   Acoustics.
      Elastic and vibrations waves.
         Acoustical wave propagation.
            Wave propagation in waveguides.
               Gaseous and liquid waveguides; tubes and horns.

   Acoustics.
      Elastic and vibrations waves.
         Mechanical vibrations.
            Acoustical waveguides, resonators and filters.
               Gaseous and liquid waveguides; tubes and horns.

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