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Acoustic particle manipulation in a 40 kHz quarter-wavelength standing wave with an air boundary

Giuliana Trippa, Stéphanie Trine, Yiannis Ventikos, Constantin-C. Coussios

J. Acoust. Soc. Amer., vol: 131, num: 5, 3627, published: 01 May 2012,

Abstract: An implementation of a quarter-wavelength standing wave separator that exploits an air drum to achieve the pressure node is presented and characterized experimentally. The air drum configuration was implemented and tested in a set-up with a 40 kHz transducer immersed in a water tank with the quarter-wavelength gap being approximately 9 mm wide. Injection of suspensions of 5 μm and 45 μm diameter polystyrene particles at flow rates of 30 ml/h and 60 ml/h was studied and particle deflection towards the pressure node at the air drum surface was observed for a range of acoustic pressures. Computational results on single particle trajectories show good agreement with the experimental findings for the 45 μm particles, but not for the 5 μm particles. These were considered to behave as aggregates of higher effective dimension, due to their much higher number density relative to the 45 μm particles in the suspensions used. The set-up developed in this study includes a robust method for achieving a pressure node in a quarter-wavelength system and can represent the first step toward the development of an alternative separator configuration in respect to small channel MHz range operated systems for the manipulation of particles streams.

      Elastic and vibrations waves.
         Nonlinear acoustics.
            Acoustic levitation.

      Acoustical measurements.
         Acoustical control in technology.